About ChanglangChanglang is a town in the district of Changlang in Arunachal Pradesh which has the headquarters of the district. It is one of the major towns of the state owing to the fact that it produces crude oil, coal and other mineral resources. Mineral resources are present in this part of the state in plenty. The location of the town is at 27.12°N 95.71°E.
Demography of ChanglangThe population of Changlang is 6394 as per the census of 2001. Amongst this population, males constitute 56% and females constitute 44%. The average literacy rate of the town is also higher than the national average which is 72%.
Culture of ChanglangThe culture in Changlang town is varied. There are different sub tribes residing in this place including the Lungchang and the Muklom. It is quite surprising that in a small town like Changlang, above 50 language dialects are spoken by the people.
Changlang is unique because of its language, culture and tradition. It is believed that many dialects of this local has already gone into extinction and few of them are endangered dialects and needs preservation to keep the roots alive. The reason of this is the influx of the national language Hindi into the state and its frequent usage by the people.
A very stern action taken in order to make the preservation intention of the local culture successful is the introduction of the Inner Line Permit (ILP). ILP is almost equivalent to a second degree Indian passport, hence tourists including Indians require the ILP in order to enter into protected areas of the state.
Services and Utilities in ChanglangChanglang is a small town in Arunachal Pradesh which is located in the Changlang district and is still undergoing a lot of developments. Changlang is one of the major towns in the district of Changlang and is also one of the major developed towns in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Changlang is provided with different types of services from the government as well as private organizations.With a proper administration and the basic requirements for a society, Changlang runs peacefully and efficiently. Given below are the contact details of the emergency and utility services in Changlang.
Hospital in ChanglangDistrict Hosital
Phone No.: 22438
Medical Superintendent: 22636
Duty Room: 22205
Banks in ChanglangState Bank Of India
Contact: 03808-222238, 223402
IFSC Code: SBIN0006007
Branch Code: 006007
MICR Code: 786002506
Tourism in ChanglangThe town of Changlang, located in the easternmost part of India in Arunachal Pradesh is one of the major towns of the state. It is the headquarters of the administrative district of Changlang.
The town of Changlang is abounding with natural beauty. The valleys, rivers and the settlements provide beautiful sceneries with the horizon in the distant. The place is an attractive hotspot for seasonal tourist visitors.
MiaoThe small town of Miao situated on the bank of the Noa-Dehing river of Changlang district has a number of tourist interest places like the mini zoo, museum and Tibetan refugee settlement camp. The Namdapha national park extends its boundary in this town. Deban, a major tourist spot is located around 25 kms from Miao.
NampongThis is a town located in Changlang district close to the Pangsau Pass. It is the last town on the Indian side located at an elevation of 308 meters. The historic Stilwell Road passes through Nampong. Nampong and Pangsau pass were considered to be ‘Hell Gate’ and ‘Hell Pass’ during World War II due to the difficult terrain.
BordumsaThis is a town in Changlang district. The main attraction in this town is the tea plantations spread across hundreds of hectares of land. There is also a huge Buddha Mandir in Goju nearby. The word ‘Bordumsa’ comes from two words ‘Bor’ meaning big and ‘Dumsa’ which is a title of the Singpho tribe.
Apart from these places, there are a number of villages and settlements amidst the valleys like the Kengkho village, Jongpho-Hate village and Thamlom village which are worth watching.
Namdapha National ParkNamdapha National Park is located in the Changlang district of the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. It is one of the largest protected areas in the Eastern Himalayan and is also the largest national park in India in terms of area. It is one of the biodiversity hotspots of India located in the Eastern Himalayan sub region. Two rivers, namely the Noa-dihing and the Namdapha divide the whole area span of the park.
The park spans an area of 1985 sq kms with 177 sq kms in the buffer zone and 1808 sq kms in the core area. The park is situated in between the Dapha bum range of the Mishmi Hills and the Patkai range. The park is bounded by two big tributaries of the Noa-dihing, the M’pen nala and the Deban nala on the western side. This park was established in 1972 as a National Park and in 1983 as a Tiger Reserve. There are a few settlements of Lisu tribal people within the park. There are also few settlements of Chakma, Tangsa and Singpho within the park.
Terrain of Namdapha National ParkThe Namdapha National Park comprise of the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world. The area is also known for the extensive Dipterocarp forests. The terrain varies with increasing altitude from sub-tropical broadleaved forests to subtropical pine forests, temperate broadleaved forests and at the higher elevations, there are the alpine meadows and perennial snow. This park has bamboo and secondary forests in plenty in addition to primary forests.
Climate of Namdapha National ParkThe location topography of the park affects the climate in this region. The months from November to February are relatively cold and dry, whereas June to October is the wet season. The temperature varies from 37°C in summers to 5°C in winters.
Flora of Namdapha National ParkNamdapha is a home to several plant species and flowers. About over 1000 plant species from more than 600 families are recorded so far in this park. Dominated by the Dipterocrap tree family, the park also has other tree species like Terminalia myriocarpa (Hollock), Altingia excelsa (Jutuli), Ailanthus grandis (Borpat), extensive bamboo and cane species. The park also supports a large diversity of pollinator and frugivore plant species.
Sapria Himalayana, Balanophora (rare root parasites) related to Rafflesia, various types of gymnosperms, medicinal plants, cultivated pants and orchids are also found here in this park. The park is also a reservoir of wild tea, wild coffee, wild mango and other wild fruit types. Plants like Zalacca Secunda (Jengpat), medicinal plants like Aconitum Heterophyllum (Aconite), Coptis Teeta (Mishmi teeta or golden thread root) and Aqualaria Agailocha (Aloe wood) are also found in this park.
Fauna of Namdapha National ParkNamdapha has diverse species of animals residing here. Due to its location, it is one of the faunally diverse regions of the country. Species like the clouded leopard, white-winged wood duck, king cobra are found in the mid elevated areas while the high altitude fauna comprises of musk deer and Tibetan siskin.
The park is a home to four big cat species namely the snow leopard, clouded leopards, common leopards and tigers along with wolves, Asiatic black bears, red panda, red fox, yellow-throated marten, Eurasian otter, oriental small-clawed otter, spotted linsang, binturong, small Indian civet, marbled cat, mongoose elephants, wild boar, Indian muntjac, hog deer, sambar, gaur, mainland serow, bharal, stump-tailed macaque, slow loris, hillock gibbon, capped langur, Assamese macaque and Rhesus macaque. The Namdapha Flying Squirrel, a critically endangered species is found only here.
Among the avifauna, the park has around 425 bird species recorded. Bird species like hornbills, rare wren-babblers, laughing thrushes, parrot bills, fulvettas, shrike, scimitar babblers, snowy throated babbler, rufous-necked hornbill, green cochoa, purple cochoa, beautiful nuthatch, ward’s trogon, ruddy kingfisher, blue-eared kingfisher, white tailed fish eagle, Eurasian hobby, pied falconet, white winged wood duck, Himalayan wood-owl, rufous throated hill partridge, white cheeked hill partridge, leaf warblers and migrants like Amur falcon and several thrushes are found here.
How to reach Namdapha National ParkBy Road:
One can travel by road which is connected up to Miao, the entry point of the Namdapha National Park. Dibrugarh is located 140 kms from the park.
The nearest airport is located at Mohanbari in Dibrugarh, 182 kms from the Forest rest house in the park.
The nearest railway station is the Tinsukia Railway Station located 141 kms from the Forest rest house.
There is accommodation facilities of the Forest rest house located inside the park. Prior bookings are required for the stay. The best time to visit is from October to April. One can visit the forests camps of Deban in the park. Trekking is one of the popular activities with many trekking routes in the park.
Transport Services in ChanglangCommunication system to the town of Changlang is easy and affordable.
Located at a distance of around 136 kms. away from the Mohanbari Airport in Dibrugarh, it is the nearest airport to the town.
The nearest railway station to the town of Changlang is the Tinsukia railway station which is at a distance of 96 kms. However another passenger railway station that lay near the town is the Margherita railway station at a distance of 45 kms.
The town of Changlang is easily connected to all of its nearby towns such as Dibrugarh, Miao, Tinsukia, Margherita, etc. The roads have been constructed to provide easy transportation to the tourists and other people.
Hotels in ChanglangTourist in any place requires the need of accommodation as well. Changlang too has lodges and hotels for accommodation. Some accommodations are as follows:
Phone: 03808-222437 (Office); 03808-223808 (Residence)
Rooms available: 10 rooms (of 2 beds)
Room tariff: Rs 300 per room per night
Near P.K. Point,
DC Office Road,
Changlang - 792120,
Contact: 03808-223734; 9402728563
Rooms available: 7 rooms (of two beds)
4 rooms - Rs 700 per room per night
2 rooms - Rs 800 per room per night
1 room - Rs 1200 per room per night
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